Building Portfolios: Diversification without the HeartburnThe wisdom of diversifying investor portfolios across a wide range of asset classes is indisputable. But diversifying client portfolios beyond mainstream stocks and bonds comes with challenges, starting with clients’ unfamiliarity with diversifying asset classes and a propensity for clients to regret diversifying when results disappoint.
The Bubble That Never Came (and Other Misconceptions about Treasury Bonds)A 10-year US Treasury note yielding just little above 2% does feel expensive. Yet we should not be misled by appearances. Our research shows that, contrary to common wisdom, Treasury bonds are only moderately overvalued. All in all, bonds are not as unattractive as a simple historical comparison of their yields may suggest.
Pricing Stocks and BondsA look at a simple, robust framework for estimating long-term asset-class forecasts, and its underlying assumptions, offers insights as to how asset managers can build a portfolio to meet investors’ future financial needs.
Can Momentum Investing Be Saved? Momentum is one of the most compelling factors in theoretical long–short paper portfolios, but live results of momentum strategies fall short of theoretical returns. Thoughtful implementation, a careful sell discipline, and an avoidance of stocks with stale momentum can narrow the gap between paper and live results.
Diversification Strikes Again: Evidence from Global Equity FactorsOur research shows that the benefits of international diversification extend to equity factor strategies. Investors can reduce portfolio risk by diversifying into foreign markets. Moreover, unlike for asset classes, diversification benefits have not declined over time. Investors should be brave, and look beyond their borders.
Risk: Preparing Clients for an Uncertain JourneyIf we think of expected return as the likeliest long-term “destination” of our investment portfolio, we can then think of risk as the uncertainty in the “journey” to that destination. Advisors serve their clients well by helping them understand the many paths that journey can take, and by establishing a plan of action (or inaction!) for when shortfalls inevitably occur.
The Folly of Hiring Winners and Firing Losers Performance chasing in manager selection is a reliable path to poor results. But by combining factor valuation with past performance, investors gain a richer toolkit for making well-informed allocation decisions among smart beta managers.
Live from Newport Beach. It's Smart Beta!Investors don’t have the luxury of re-takes—investing committed capital is “live.” But all too often smart beta investors must make decisions based on backtests. We point out a few things investors can do to get the benefits they expect.
A Smart Beta for Sustainable GrowthWe demonstrate a smart beta that produces positive excess returns from sustainably faster growth in EPS. This simple, systematic strategy represents a significant improvement from today’s growth indices that fail to produce faster growth in EPS and have provided negative excess returns.
(Video) A Smart Beta for Sustainable GrowthChris Brightman, Vitali Kalesnik, and Mark Clements explain why a systematic smart beta strategy that invests in profitable companies with conservative investment can diversify value exposures while also delivering strong positive excess return from sustainably faster growth in EPS.
Cost and Capacity: Comparing Smart Beta StrategiesThe significant growth in smart beta investing leads to potential alpha erosion when trading volume affects security prices. Our research shows how market impact costs due to rebalancing affect the capacities of popular strategies.
Time Diversification ReduxUnderstanding how a common and simple definition of risk, such as the standard deviation of returns, differs over various time horizons has important implications for investors. We discuss why the relationship between investment horizon and risk matters.
CAPE FatigueWhen investors rely on any particular model all the time-and CAPE is often that model-fatigue inevitably sets in. We believe that a better approach for meeting future spending needs is to blend portfolios based on different models of return expectations.
Underweight FANMAG? Chillax!If it seems everyone's portfolios—except yours—are overweight the FANMAG stocks, chillax! We're here to remind you not to forget the long–term value proposition of contra–trading: trimming pricey stocks and rebalancing into unloved stocks, exactly what the RAFI strategies are designed to do.
Public Policy, Profits, and PopulismThe Trump bump reveals market expectations of continuing public policies prioritizing stability, inhibiting creative destruction, depressing yields and wage growth, and inflating a profits bubble. If instead the Administration delivers reforms that allow creative destruction, invigorate growth, and raise returns to capital and wages, then the lofty profits of corporate incumbents will be at risk.
Which RAFI Index Strategy Is Right for You?RAFI and RAFI Dynamic Multi-Factor have different risk and return characteristics. The choice between the two strategies should be determined by an investor’s objectives and their institutional governance mechanism.
Why Factor Tilts Are Not Smart “Smart Beta”Our analysis of three first-generation smart beta strategies shows factor-replicated portfolios are ineffective substitutes for their smart beta counterparts, exhibiting poorer performance, high turnover, and low capacity.
The Incredible Shrinking Factor ReturnManagers who favor high factor loadings on market beta, value, or momentum generally do not derive nearly as much incremental return as theoretical factor return histories would suggest, and the culprit appears to be the real-world costs of implementation.
RAFI Multi-FactorRAFI Multi-Factor is a smart beta equity strategy that offers diversified factor exposures through allocations to value, low volatility, quality, momentum, and size.
Will Your Factor Deliver? An Examination of Factor Robustness and Implementation CostsNot every factor profits investors when implemented through a passive strategy. Size and quality show weak robustness, and liquidity-demanding factors, such as illiquidity and momentum, are associated with high trading costs. Investors may be better off accessing these factors through active management rather than indexation. Published in the Financial Analysts Journal by Jason Hsu, Vitali Kalesnik, Noah Beck, and Helge Kostka.
Forecasting Smart Beta and Factors: History Is Worse than UselessPast is NOT prologue. With the proliferation of smart beta and factor strategies, investors should be vigilant to the pitfalls of data mining and performance chasing. Relative valuations can predict the long-term future returns of strategies and factors —not with any short-term precision— but well enough to add material value. Useful forecasting models should furthermore address implementation costs.
Charting the Journey in Smart BetaHistorical factor returns—net of changes in valuation levels—are much lower than recent performance suggests. In fact, many of the most popular new factors (some 458 at last count) have succeeded solely because they have become more expensive. This trend matters to investors because rising valuation levels inflate past performance, reduce potential future performance, and amplify the risk of mean reversion to historical valuations.
Rethinking Conventional Wisdom: Why NOT a Value Bias?Not all long-term sources of excess return are treated equally in portfolios, frustrating investors’ ability to meet their financial goals. Asset owners and their agents need to act now to address the primary sources of this disconnect: cognitive bias and principal–agent conflict.
Record Low Costs to Trade!Mean reversion is as applicable to trading costs as it is to valuation. Today’s costs to trade are at 56-year historical lows; they are due to rise soon. Now is the time to position your portfolio ahead of expected higher costs to trade and lower equity prices.
Next Season’s Meager Harvest in Commercial Real EstateUS commercial property investors reaped high real returns over the last five years, but the climate is changing. Property prices are high, yields are low, and future expected returns portend a scantier harvest over the coming decade.
Systematic Global MacroThe alternative factor premia of carry, momentum, and value may be combined to produce an attractive and diversifying source of investment return relative to the low yields and low returns of mainstream stocks and bonds.
(Video) Why Factor Tilts Are Not Smart “Smart Beta”We challenge the common view that “smart beta” strategies and factor tilts are the same. In fact, factor-replicated portfolios are poor substitutes for their smart beta counterparts. Performance is poor, turnover is high, and capacity is terrible. Why? Implementation details matter—both for performance and for trading costs.
All AssetAll Asset strategies are global tactical asset allocation (GTAA) solutions that aim to deliver attractive real returns, equity diversification, and inflation protection via tactical long-only exposures.
RAERAE systematic active equity strategies seek to generate superior risk-adjusted returns.
Systematic Alternative Risk PremiaThe Systematic Alternative Risk Premia strategy aims to deliver uncorrelated absolute returns through leveraged long–short exposures to liquid derivatives contracts.
You are now leaving the Research Affiliates, LLC website. The following link may contain information concerning investments, products or other information. Research Affiliates, LLC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of information on non-affiliated websites and does not make any representation regarding the advisability of investing in any investment fund or other investment product or vehicle. Importantly, Research Affiliates, LLC is not compensated for linking you to any non-affiliated website and instead is only compensated with an asset-based fee in the limited capacities as either a licensor of intellectual property or a sub-adviser to an investment adviser. The material available on non-affiliated websites has been produced by entities that are not affiliated with Research Affiliates, LLC. Descriptions of, references to, or links to products or publications within any non-affiliated linked website does not imply endorsement or recommendation of that product or publication by Research Affiliates, LLC. Any opinions or recommendations from non-affiliated websites are solely those of the independent providers and are not the opinions or recommendations of Research Affiliates, LLC, which is not responsible for any inaccuracies or errors. THIS INFORMATION IS NOT AN OFFER TO BUY OR A SOLICITATION TO SELL ANY SECURITY OR INVESTMENT PRODUCT. SUCH AN OFFER OR SOLICITATION IS MADE ONLY BY THE SECURITIES’ OR INVESTMENT PRODUCTS’ ISSUER OR SPONSOR THROUGH A PROSPECTUS OR OTHER OFFERING DOCUMENTATION.