Demographics, GDP Growth & Capital Markets

As the average age of a workforce rises, its productivity growth rate inevitably declines—and this is one of the key factors affecting economic growth. This interactive tool enables you to follow the path of projected GDP growth in 22 countries.


Aging by Countries & Regions
Using data from the United Nations, this interactive tool shows the evolving demographic profile of populations by country, region or sub-region, and level of economic development. In each case, the populations you select are stratified by age groups ranging from 0−4 to 70+ over the period from 1950 to 2050.


Demographic profiles are dynamic but predictable. This interactive tool allows you to compare the distribution of any two countries’ age groups at yearly points in time from 1950 to 2100.


Support Ratios
How long the average citizen in a given country lives after retiring has public policy as well as economic and investment implications. Populations as well as individuals may be exposed to longevity risk (the risk of outliving their financial resources).


Because countries cannot alter their demographic trajectory overnight, the tolerable support ratio and the normal retirement age are key policy questions. Experiment by seeing the prospective impact of different minimum support ratios (3:1, 4:1, or 5:1) on required retirement ages in the country or region you specify.


The support ratio—the number of workers per retiree—changes as the distribution of age groups evolves in a country or region. This graph shows the past or projected support ratio in whichever country and year you choose. The lower panel shows how the selected country’s support ratio changes over time.